All children are special, but some children are really special. His mother died inand in the family moved to Paris. While his sister Jacqueline born in figured as an infant prodigy in literary circles, Blaise proved himself no less precocious in mathematics. In he wrote an essay on conic sections, Essai pour les coniques, based on his study of the now classical work of Girard Desargues on synthetic projective geometry.
Alcuin was born in Northumbriapresumably sometime in the s. Virtually nothing is known of his parents, family background, or origin. Alcuin's own work only mentions such collateral kinsmen as Wilgils, father of the missionary saint Willibrord ; and Beornred, abbot of Echternach and bishop of Sens, who was more distantly related.
Because in early Anglo-Latin writing paterfamilias "head of a family, householder" usually referred to a ceorlDonald A. Bullough suggests that Alcuin's family was of cierlisc status: Ecgbert had been a disciple of the Venerable Bedewho urged him to raise York to an archbishopric.
King Eadberht and Archbishop Ecgbert oversaw the re-energising and re-organisation of the English churchwith an emphasis on reforming the clergy and on the tradition of learning that Bede had begun.
Ecgbert was devoted to Alcuin, who thrived under his tutelage. The York school was renowned as a centre of learning in the liberal arts, literature, and science, as well as in religious matters.
He revived the school with the trivium and quadrivium disciplines,  writing a codex on the trivium, while his student Hraban wrote one on the quadrivium. Alcuin graduated to become a teacher during the s. His ascendancy to the headship of the York school, the ancestor of St Peter's Schoolbegan after Aelbert became Archbishop of York in Around the same time Alcuin became a deacon in the church.
He was never ordained a priest. Though there is no real evidence that he took monastic vows, he lived as if he had. InKing Elfwald sent Alcuin to Rome to petition the Pope for official confirmation of York's status as an archbishopric and to confirm the election of the new archbishop, Eanbald I.
On his way home he met Charlemagne whom he had met once beforethis time in the Italian city of Parma. He joined an illustrious group of scholars that Charlemagne had gathered around him, the mainsprings of the Carolingian Renaissance: Alcuin would later write that "the Lord was calling me to the service of King Charles.
However, Charlemagne wanted to include the liberal arts and, most importantly, the study of religion. From toAlcuin taught Charlemagne himself, his sons Pepin and Louisas well as young men sent to be educated at court, and the young clerics attached to the palace chapel.
Bringing with him from York his assistants Pyttel, Sigewulf, and Joseph, Alcuin revolutionised the educational standards of the Palace School, introducing Charlemagne to the liberal arts and creating a personalised atmosphere of scholarship and learning, to the extent that the institution came to be known as the 'school of Master Albinus'.
In this role as adviser, he took issue with the emperor's policy of forcing pagans to be baptised on pain of death, arguing, "Faith is a free act of the will, not a forced act.
We must appeal to the conscience, not compel it by violence. You can force people to be baptised, but you cannot force them to believe. It seems that he made many of these men his closest friends and counsellors. They referred to him as 'David', a reference to the Biblical king David. Alcuin soon found himself on intimate terms with Charlemagne and the other men at court, where pupils and masters were known by affectionate and jesting nicknames.
While at AachenAlcuin bestowed pet names upon his pupils — derived mainly from Virgil 's Eclogues. He dwelt there for some time, but Charlemagne then invited him back to help in the fight against the Adoptionist heresy which was at that time making great progress in Toledothe old capital of the Visigoths and still a major city for the Christians under Islamic rule in Spain.
At the Council of Frankfurt inAlcuin upheld the orthodox doctrine against the views expressed by Felix of Urgelan heresiarch according to the Catholic Encyclopaedia. These letters and Alcuin's poem on the subject, De clade Lindisfarnensis monasterii, provide the only significant contemporary account of these events.
In his description of the Viking attack, he wrote: Behold the church of St Cuthbertsplattered with the blood of God's priests, robbed of its ornaments.Plato was a philosopher during the 5th century BCE.
He was a student of Socrates and later taught caninariojana.com founded the Academy, an academic program which many consider to be the first Western caninariojana.com wrote many philosophical texts—at least He dedicated his life to learning and teaching and is hailed as one of the founders of Western philosophy.
All children are special, but some children are really special. Pascal’s life to the Port-Royal years. Pascal’s father, Étienne Pascal, was presiding judge of the tax court at caninariojana.com mother died in , and in the family moved to Paris.
Étienne, who was respected as a mathematician, devoted himself henceforth to the education of his children. René Descartes was born in La Haye en Touraine (now Descartes, Indre-et-Loire), France, on 31 March His mother, Jeanne Brochard, died soon after giving birth to him, and so he was not expected to survive.
Descartes' father, Joachim, was a member of the Parlement of Brittany at Rennes. René lived with his grandmother and with his great-uncle. Descartes: A Biography has been added to your Cart Add to Cart. Turn on 1-Click ordering for this browser The Life of Rene Descartes and it contrasts well with this book.
I highly recommend Watson's book if you do not want to delve into Descartes' works but want to follow the course of his travels and personal life. It is excellent for that /5(4). Works by or about René Descartes at Internet Archive Works by René Descartes at LibriVox (public domain audiobooks) Detailed biography of Descartes at MacTutorBorn: 31 March , La Haye en Touraine, Kingdom of France.
Alcuin of York (/ ˈ æ l k w ɪ n /; Latin: Flaccus Albinus Alcuinus; c. – 19 May AD)—also called Ealhwine, Alhwin or Alchoin—was an English scholar, clergyman, poet and teacher from York, caninariojana.com was born around and became the student of Archbishop Ecgbert at York.
At the invitation of Charlemagne, he became a leading scholar and teacher at the Carolingian court.