What is Baroque Art? After the idealism of the Renaissance c. Thus it is almost synonymous with Catholic Counter-Reformation Art of the period. By comparison, Baroque art in Protestant areas like Holland had far less religious content, and instead was designed essentially to appeal to the growing aspirations of the merchant and middle classes.
Cognates for the term in other Romance languages include: The singing is harsh and unnatural, the intonation difficult, and the movement limited. It appears that term comes from the word 'baroco' used by logicians. He used the term to attack the movement for subverting the values of the Renaissance.
The first phase of the Counter-Reformation had imposed a severe, academic style on religious architecture, which had appealed to intellectuals but not the mass of churchgoers.
The Council of Trent decided instead to appeal to a more popular audience, and declared that the arts should communicate religious themes with direct and emotional involvement.
The dome was one of the central symbolic features of baroque architecture illustrating the union between the heavens and the earth, The inside of the cupola was lavishly decorated with paintings of angels and saints, and with stucco statuettes of angels, giving the impression to those below of looking up at heaven.
Quadratura paintings of Atlantes below the cornices appear to be supporting the ceiling of the church.
Unlike the painted ceilings of Michelangelo in the Sistine Chapel, which combined different scenes, each with its own perspective, to be looked at one at a time, the Baroque ceiling paintings were carefully created so the viewer on the floor of the church would see the entire ceiling in correct perspective, as if the figures were real.
The interiors of baroque churches became more and more ornate in the High Baroque, and focused around the altar, usually placed under the dome. Peter —34both by Gian Lorenzo Berniniin St. Peter's Basilica in Rome. The Baldequin of St. Peter is an example of the balance of opposites in Baroque art; the gigantic proportions of the piece, with the apparent lightness of the canopy; and the contrast between the solid twisted columns, bronze, gold and marble of the piece with the flowing draperies of the angels on the canopy.
It gives both a sense of motion and also a dramatic new way of reflecting light. The cartouche was another characteristic feature of baroque decoration. These were large plaques of carved of marble or stone, usually oval and with a rounded surface, which carried images or text in gilded letters, and were placed as interior decoration or above the doorways of buildings, delivering messages to those below.
They showed a wide variety of invention, and were found in all types of buildings, from cathedrals and palaces to small chapels. For the Palazzo Spada in Rome, Borromini used columns of diminishing size, a narrowing floor and a miniature statue in the garden beyond to create the illusion that a passageway was thirty meters long, when it was actually only seven meters long.
A statue at the end of the passage appears to be life-size, though it is only sixty centimeters high. Borromini designed the illusion with the assistance of a mathematician.
The interior of this church remained very austere until the high Baroque, when it was lavishly ornamented. In Rome inPaul V became the first of series of popes who commissioned basilicas and church buildings designed to inspire emotion and awe through a proliferation of forms, and a richness of colors and dramatic effects.
Peter's Basilica —and the new nave and loggia which connected the facade to Michelangelo's dome in the earlier church. The new design created a dramatic contrast between the soaring dome and the disproportionately wide facade, and the contrast on the facade itself between the Doric columns and the great mass of the portico.
The sculptor and architect Gian Lorenzo Bernini designed a new quadruple colonnade around St.
Peter's Square to The three galleries of columns in a giant ellipse balance the oversize dome and give the Church and square a unity and the feeling of a giant theater.
The sense of movement is given not by the decoration, but by the walls themselves, which undulate and by concave and convex elements, including an oval tower and balcony inserted into a concave traverse.Baroque music (US: / b ə ˈ r oʊ k / or UK: / b ə ˈ r ɒ k /) is a period or style of Western art music composed from approximately to This era followed the Renaissance music era, and was followed in turn by the Classical era.
Anything with a complicated design can be baroque but it also refers to a style of art, music, and architecture from 17th Century Italy (and is then sometimes capitalized). Although it has roots in the Portuguese word barroco meaning "imperfect pearl" not everything baroque is imperfect.
Definition of baroque - relating to or denoting a style of European architecture, music, and art of the 17th and 18th centuries that followed Mannerism an. Baroque art and architecture: Baroque art and architecture, the visual arts and building design and construction produced during the era in the history of Western art that roughly coincides with the 17th century.
The earliest manifestations, which occurred in Italy, . also Baroque Of, relating to, or characteristic of a style in art and architecture developed in Europe from the early 17th to midth century, emphasizing dramatic, often strained effect and typified by bold, curving forms, elaborate ornamentation, and .
Baroque Music: Definition, History, Characteristics & Composers; Baroque music is a heavily ornamented style of music that came out of the Renaissance.