Famous Black Americans African Americans have played a vital role in the history and culture of their country since its founding. An important part of the curriculum at the Institute for African American Studies is devoted to creative research on the lives and work of prominent African Americans and to placing them within their cultural context. On this page you will find brief biographical sketches of several key figures in African American history.
I have revised this and the other three chapters of my history of Washington, which takes the story to You can find the new version, which has more illustrations at my blog Washington Examined The General and the Plan In there was no room in the American dream for a cozy capital.
On January 22 George Washington chose an undulating plain of well drained fields and forests along the Potomac River for the site. A few months later while sitting in his office in a Philadelphia town house near Sixth and Market Streets, from where he could almost shout to attract the attention of congressmen meeting a block away on Chestnut Street, Washington approved a plan for the nation's capital that placed the president and Congress just over a mile a part.
That seemingly inconvenient distance would allow not only buildings larger than any then extant in the nation to house the government, but it was expected that much prime real estate would fill rapidly with the seats of gentlemen and foreign embassies.
And along the extensive waterfront a mile or two away there would be quays and commercial houses serving the world with American exports. Here was a capital not merely designed to form a place of union for disparate states, but to form in itself a true metropolis, a mother city, exhibiting all the fruits of American civilization.
In the reason for such a pretense to grandeur was self-evident to most Americans. Their nation, then stretching from the Atlantic to the Mississippi, was destined to grow, and its capital destined to be a Seat of Empire, not merely the midpoint of thirteen rebellious colonies.
Most European visitors to the capital for the next fifty years couldn't help but be amused by the emptiness surrounding the government buildings. ByWashington understood that he had miscalculated, and that the city's day of "eclat" would likely come in a hundred years.
Washington died on December 14,and missed the city's debut when, near the unfinished Capitol, congressmen crammed into a handful of boarding houses, two to four in a room, and largely ignored in a huge, drafty mansion a mile away, President Adams reigned, accompanied by his wife, a granddaughter, nephew and man servant.
Why did Washington get it wrong? He understood that when, by law, the federal government moved to the new capital inthe legislators and paid clerks working in the federal bureaucracy would not fill the city.
But Washington saw the Potomac as the route down which most American goods would stream to world markets. So a city placed just below the falls of the Potomac would soon be the nation's principal commercial city.
He did not get this impression from merely looking at a map showing the Potomac so close to the West. Growing up along Virginia tidewater, Washington was no stranger to the Potomac. For his older brother Lawrence, the river was the road to blue water and the world beyond.
He served with Admiral Vernon in Bermuda, and named the home he built on the Potomac, a few miles south of the future capital, after that worthy. Only Lawrence's death ended his efforts to get George to follow a naval career. But George's one voyage, to Barbados in when he 19, did nothing to erase the alluring memory of his first surveying job three years earlier along the Shenandoah River which joins the Potomac some 60 miles northwest of Mount Vernon.
Little Drummer Boy, Harry Chorale Simeone, Harry Simeone The Effective Reader, D. J Henry Competition and Development - The Power of Competitive Markets, Susan Joekes, Phil Evans Algebra 1 Study Guide and Intervention Workbook, McGraw-Hill . The most fortunate of us, in our journey through life, frequently meet with calamities and misfortunes which may greatly afflict us; and, to fortify our minds against the attacks of these calamities and misfortunes, should be one of the principal studies and endeavours of our lives. Watch video · Benjamin Banneker was born on November 9, , in Ellicott's Mills, Maryland. A free black man who owned a farm near Baltimore, Banneker was largely self-educated in astronomy and mathematics. He Born: Nov 09,
Injust prior to the French and Indian War, Washington delivered the Virginia governor's ultimatum to the French enemy in western Pennsylvania. Washington's war experience, leading the Virginia militia in Gen.
Braddock's ill-fated campaign to root the French from Fort Duquense, now Pittsburgh, not only extended his view of the Potomac and beyond, it gave him the opportunity to get a piece of the action.
Soldiers who served in the campaigns against the French, as well as soldiers in the Revolutionary War, were paid in part with warrants for deeds to land in the west.
Washington also bought warrants from other veterans and became the owner of some 30, acres in western Virginia, western Pennsylvania and southeastern Ohio.
Ina year after retiring as commander of the continental army, he toured the upper Potomac again. In he became president of the Potomac Company, which he organized to build the series of locks needed to ease navigation down the river.
James Madison wrote at the time, "the earnestness with which he espouses the undertaking is hardly to be described. In the seventeenth century the Piscataway Indians prospered as they traded with whites to the south and other Indian tribes to the north.
Captain Henry Fleet was taken aback when Piscataways could quote the price Canadian Indians were getting for furs. After escaping from an attempted massacre inthe Piscataways left the Potomac Valley, and bythree ports surrounded the future site of the capital: The land in between seemed good for farming and in the s two towns were planned not far from the future sites of the Capitol and White House: Carrollsburg, named after the powerful Maryland family organizing it, and Hamburg, founded by Germans who, when it came time to put axe to tree and clear the land, decided to settle in Hagerstown, Maryland, richer farmland up river.
Then Congress almost moved to the area. In a demonstration by soldiers of the unpaid Pennsylvania Line prompted Congress to leave Philadelphia and convene in Princeton, New Jersey.
Not a few cities and would-be cities from the Hudson River to the Potomac began letting it be known that they too were eager to bed and board congressmen.
Congress tentatively decided to split its sessions between Georgetown and Trenton, New Jersey, but, ridiculed as a congress on wheels, changed its mind, and convened in New York City in and stayed in that very convenient city through The idea and image of black Haitian revolutionaries sent shock waves throughout white America.
That black slaves and freed people might turn violent against whites, so obvious in this image where a black soldier holds up the head of a white soldier, remained a serious fear in the hearts and minds of white Southerners throughout the antebellum period.
Watch video · Benjamin Banneker was born on November 9, , in Ellicott's Mills, Maryland. A free black man who owned a farm near Baltimore, Banneker was largely self-educated in astronomy and mathematics. He Born: Nov 09, Analysis Essay: Benjamin Banneker’s Letter Emma Chamberlain In his letter to Thomas Jefferson, Benjamin Banneker shifts from respectful to cynical using allusion, repetition, and negative diction to prove that since all men are created equal, slavery must come to an end.
Allusion provides examples for the author and is used to assist the. News Corp. is a network of leading companies in the world of diversified media, news, and information services. The School Without Walls Senior High School (SWW) is a small public magnet high school in the Foggy Bottom area of Washington, D.C.
It is colloquially referred to by students and faculty as "Walls". The school was established in following the model of the Parkway Program in .
Little Drummer Boy, Harry Chorale Simeone, Harry Simeone The Effective Reader, D. J Henry Competition and Development - The Power of Competitive Markets, Susan Joekes, Phil Evans Algebra 1 Study Guide and Intervention Workbook, McGraw-Hill .