First punic war essay


First punic war essay

The First Punic War essay example Categories: European history Rome, now mistress of Italy, entered upon a long and arduous straggle with Carthage, which ruled without a rival the western waters of the Mediterranean.

Its inhabitants were consequently a branch of the Semitic race, to which the Hebrews also belonged. Carthage rose to greatness by her commerce, and gradually extended her empire over the whole of the north of Africa, from the Straits of Hercules to the borders of Cyrene.

Background and First Punic War (264-241 B.C.)

Her Libyan subjects she treated with extreme harshness, and hence they were always ready to revolt against her First punic war essay soon as a foreign enemy appeared upon her soil. The two chief magistrates at Carthage were elected annually out of a few of the chief families, and were called Suffetes.

There was a Senate of Three Hundred members, and also a smaller Council of One Hundred, of which the latter were the most powerful, holding office for life, and exercising an almost sovereign sway over the other authorities in the state.

The government was a complete oligarchy; and a few old, rich, and powerful families divided among themselves the influence and power of the state. These great families were often opposed to each other in bitter feuds, but concurred in treating with contempt the mass of the people.

In her foreign wars Carthage depended upon mercenary troops, which her great wealth enabled her to procure in abundance from Spain, Italy, and Greece, as well as from Libya.

First punic war essay

Sardinia and Corsica were among her earliest conquests, and Sicily was also one of the first objects of her military enterprise. It was here that she came into contact with the Roman arms. The relations of Rome and Carthage had hitherto been peaceful, and a treaty, concluded between the two states in the first years of the Roman republic, had been renewed more than once.

But the extension of Roman dominion had excited the jealousy of Carthage, and Rome began to turn longing eyes to the fair island at the foot of her empire. They were a body of Campanian mercenaries, chiefly of Sabellian origin, who had served under Agathocles, and after the death of that tyrant B.

Being hospitably received within the city, they suddenly rose against the inhabitants, massacred the male population, and made themselves masters of their wives and property. They rapidly extended their power over a considerable portion of the north of Sicily, and were formidable enemies to Syracuse.

Hiero, having become king of Syracuse, determined to destroy this nest of robbers, advanced against them with a large army, defeated them in battle, and shut them up within Messana.

The Mamertines were obliged to look out for help; one party wished to appeal to the Carthaginians, and the other to invoke the assistance of Rome. The latter ultimately prevailed, and an embassy was sent to implore immediate aid.

First punic war Essays

The temptation was strong, for the occupation of Messana by a Carthaginian garrison might prove dangerous to the tranquillity of Italy. Still the Senate hesitated; for only six years before Hiero had assisted the Romans in punishing the Campanian mercenaries, who had seized Rhegium in the same way as the Mamertines had made themselves masters of Messana.

The voice of justice prevailed, and the Senate declined the proposal. But the Consuls, thirsting for glory, called together the popular assembly, who eagerly voted that the Mamertines should be assisted; in other words, that the Carthaginians should not be allowed to obtain possession of Messana.

First punic war essay

Claudius, the son of the blind Censor, was to lead an army into Sicily. But during this delay the Carthaginian party in Messana had obtained the ascendency, and Hanno, with a Carthaginian garrison, had been admitted into the citadel.

Hiero had concluded peace with the Mamertines through the mediation of the Carthaginians, so that there was no longer even a pretext for the interference of the Romans.

But a legate of the Consul App. Claudius, having crossed to Sicily, persuaded the Mamertines to expel the Carthaginian garrison. Hiero and the Carthaginians now proceeded to lay siege to Messana by sea and land, and the Romans no longer hesitated to declare war against Carthage.

Such was the commencement of the first Punic War B. The Carthaginians commanded the sea with a powerful fleet, while the Romans had no ships of war worthy of the name.

But the Consul App. Claudius, having contrived to elude the Carthaginian squadron, landed near the town of Messana, and defeated in succession the forces of Syracuse and Carthage. In the following year the Romans followed up their success against Hiero.

The two Consuls advanced to the walls of Syracuse, ravaging the territory of the city and capturing many of its dependent towns. The king became alarmed at the success of the Romans; and thinking that they would prove more powerful than the Carthaginians, he concluded a peace with Rome.

Effects of the punic war

From this time till his death, a period of nearly fifty years, Hiero remained the firm and steadfast ally of the Romans.Essay on the Punic Wars; Essay on the Punic Wars.

Words Apr 21st, once again after the First Punic War ( to BC).

The war on Saguntum was seen by Polybius to be just the first incident in the war. In this essay I will look into the causes of the Second Punic War with the intention of backing up Polybius argument that the war. The 3rd Punic War Essay 3rd Punic War and the end of Carthage History is built up upon many turning points.

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First Punic War - Wikipedia This is derived from Poeni Carthaginians and refers to the Carthaginian heritage as Phoenician colonists.
first punic war Essays



A turning point is an idea, event, or action that directly or indirectly caused a change. The Punic Wars were 3 wars fought between Rome and Carthage that lasted from to B.C. The first Punic War lasted from B.C. which was for 23 years.

The second Punic War lasted 17 years. The third and final war lasted B.C, for 3 years. The First Punic War - b.C. ,roman empire,legionary,history of rome,rome essay example.

A result of the first Punic War and the Romans was the decisive naval victory against the Carthaginians at the Aegate Islands.

This gave Rome full control of Sicily and Corsica. The end of the First Punic War saw the beginning of the Roman expansion beyond the Italian peninsula. The first Punic wars broke out in B.C.

when Rome interfered in a dispute on the carthagian controlled Island of Sicily; The war ended with Rome in control of both Sicily and Corsica and marked the empire’s emergence as a naval as well as a land power.

Punic Wars - HISTORY