The American civil rights movement came to a head under the Johnson administration. Many had seen the March on Washington in August as the apotheosis of the nonviolent struggle for civil rights.
Today, we tell about the movement for civil rights for black Americans. More than two hundred fifty thousand people are gathered in Washington. Black and white, young and old, they demand equal treatment for black Americans.
They were bought and sold, like animals. Many, however, still worked as slaves on the plantations, or large farms, of the South. By the end of the war, slavery had been declared unconstitutional. But that was only the first step in the struggle for equality.
Most people of color could not get good jobs. They could not get good housing.
They had far less chance of a good education than white Americans. For about one hundred years, blacks made slow gains. Widespread activism for civil rights did not really begin until after World War Two.
During the war, black Americans earned respect as members of the armed forces. When they came home, many demanded that their civil rights be respected, too.
In nineteen fifty-one, the organization sent its lawyers to help a man in the city of Topeka, Kansas.
The man, Oliver Brown, and twelve others had brought legal action against the city. That policy was known as segregation. At that time, two of every five public schools in America had all white students or all black students.
The law said all public schools must be equal, but they were not. Schools for white children were almost always better than schools for black children. The situation was worst in Southern states. In nineteen fifty-four, the Supreme Court ruled that separate schools for black children were not equal to schools for white children.
The next year, it said public schools must accept children of all races as quickly as possible. State guards blocked her way.
The guards had been sent by the state governor, Orville Faubus. After three weeks, a federal court ordered Governor Faubus to remove the guards. The girl, Elizabeth Eckford, and other black students were able to enter the school. After one day, however, riots forced the black students to leave.
President Dwight Eisenhower ordered federal troops to Little Rock. They helped black students get into the white school safely. The schools stayed closed for two years. John Kennedy, the president at that time, sent federal law officers to help him. James Meredith became the first black person to graduate from the University of Mississippi.
In addition to fighting for equal treatment in education, black Americans fought for equal treatment in housing and transportation. In nineteen fifty-five, a black woman named Rosa Parks got on a bus in the city of Montgomery, Alabama.
She sat in the back. The bus became crowded. There were no more seats for white people. So, the bus driver ordered Missus Parks to stand and give her seat to a white person.For the next half century, it would serve as the country's most influential African-American civil rights organization, dedicated to political equality and social justice In , its journal, The Crisis, was launched.
Oct 27, · The civil rights movement was an organized effort by black Americans to end racial discrimination and gain equal rights under the law. It began in the late s and ended in the late s.
Cobb went to a high school in a white working-class Massachusetts town, “and while people were sympathetic to the expansion of civil rights to include black people, at the same time, I think.
The history of black civil rights is the story of America's caste system. It is the story of how for centuries upper-class whites made African Americans into a slave class, easily identifiable because of their dark skin, and then reaped the benefits—sometimes using law, sometimes using religion, sometimes using violence to keep this system in place.
Coming to terms with how widespread was the resistance and ambivalence toward civil rights activists is important “because, first of all, it’s the accurate portrayal of history. May 30, · Watch video · The civil rights movement was an organized effort by black Americans to end racial discrimination and gain equal rights under the law.