Kerala from sangam to dutch period

History of Kerala can be traced back to B.

Kerala from sangam to dutch period

The Worship of Murukan and the Zodiac K. Though the Puranic compilers have meticulously recorded such facts and details, the modern interpreters would not notice the astronomical significance, as they used to dub the Puranas as myth. The western scholars indeed could notice such significance, but they did not want to give any credit to Indians.

Thus, HopkinsFleetand others simply brushed aside such discussion and B. TilakS. DikshitM. Agrawala and others struck to their interpretation.

Dutch in Kerala - Glimpses of World History through Kerala and Dutch King Alexander The ambitious Greek ruler, who was a mere twenty when he donned the crown as the ruler of Macedonia, attacked the north western region of the Indian subcontinent in BC. His father, King Philip had firmly established his control over the Greek territories and achieved success over King Darius of Persia.
The Namboothiri Community - A History Ancient Tamil religion The religion of the ancient Tamils closely follow roots of nature worship and some elements of it can also be found in Tamil Shaiva Siddhanta traditions. In the ancient Sangam literatureSivan was the supreme God, and Murugan was the one celebrated by the masses; both of them were sung as deified Tamil poets ascending the Koodal academy.
Conclusion The two major sources are: Stone images of Buddha, reflect the culture of kerala during the Buddhist era.

Pointing out Kerala from sangam to dutch period, G. Ghurye attempted to find out the astro-physical phenomenon basis for the Skanda concept2. After that, though modern scholars referred to the connection of stars with Karttikeya and Vishaka, they did not elaborate the significance. Chatterjee simply notes that it should be remembered that both the names are philologically connected with stars Visakha and krittika3 and draws the attention to another observation made by M.

Mukherjee, wherein the latter noted that the star-worship was mixed with the Skanda worship4. All the interpretation has been based on the Sanskrit literature.

Therefore, an attempt is made to interpret the Tamil literature to find out the astronomical background of the Murugan worship. Tamil scholars and researchers always divide the Sangam literature into Agam human matters related to inner aspects like love, marriage, marital life etc. Though, the Tamil poets appear to be over imbibed with the theme of love, love-making, fondling etc.

As they have concealed such facts with their love theme, they have to be decoded and deciphered properly to understand the hidden meaning in astronomical perspective. This aspect is dealt with in this paper based on the literary evidences of the Sangam literature.

Geometrically, such concept can be represented as a Hexagon. As it can be drawn only with a circle, the concept of hexagon is connected with a circle. Not only circle, but also all geometrical figures are based on the concept of point, which is nothing but the smallest circle that could be drawn with no radius.

Similarly, a circle is a polygon with infinite sides. These are not mathematical unreality or uncertainty leading to philosophy, but facts.

The geometry is related to arithmetics, which in turn to numbers. All these concepts are related to the importance of squaring a circle and circling a square covering all mathematical functions, operations and manipulations.

Here, a diagram drawn with such concepts surprisingly tally with mathematical and astronomical principles. For example, a circle is drawn inside a square touching its sides. They are named after Tamil months and common zodiac signs for convenience. Here, according to the Indian system of asterism, the stars are considered to be stationery with reference to planets.

The seasons are — 1. Two equilateral triangles are superposed on the figure with vertices - one touching the square at the top and another inverted same as the former.

Kerala from sangam to dutch period

The touching points are 0 and They surprisingly cut the circle at 60,and The intersecting points are 30, 90,and Thus 0, 30, 60, 90,,and are nothing but the twelve divisions of zodiac. The triangle with its vertex upward is Shiva the principle of Fire, symbolized by the triple flame in the hand three eyes, Tripurantaka etc.

The Saravanabava signifies the unification of these major elements into the Most Powrful One. If the Hexagram is examined, all ten numbers 0 to 9 are found in it.

That the ancient Tamils of Sangam period had conscious observation of movement of planets, eclipses, day and night time reckoning, growing of trees, flowering of plants and trees at a particular season, connected animals and their survival on the nature etc.

The division of land into five tinais, their respective, Gods, trees, plants, flowers, animals, music, musical instruments etc.

Seasons, Festivals and Murugan Worship How the changes in the seasons affect the psychosomatic processes or psychosomatic changes vary with the seasons interacting with flora and fauna is vividly described in the Sangam literature.

The change of seasons. However, the influence of other planets are also significant, which is not generally considered in the seasonal changes.

Kerala from Sangam to Dutch Period - Essay Samples

The animal behaviour is expressed the the faunic representation of the zodiac, as during such periods, man behaves or exhibits qualities like the represented animals.This is perhaps the largest for-sale offering of numismtic titles for India. Listings are bibliographic by time period and category, and include useful titles not currently in stock.

Sangam period Tamilakam Cheras Ays Ezhil Malai Confluence of religions Venad - Kingdom of Quilon Calicut Kolattunadu The history of Kerala, Dutch period. Dutch commander De Lannoy surrenders to Marthanda Varma at the Battle of Colachel.

Essay on Kerala from Sangam to Dutch Period Introduction. Kerala has a unique Geographical position. Kerala has a rich culture and is the meeting point of many types of ideologies, Ideas and religious views. Travelers, merchants and rulers visited.

Sangam period (Tamil: சங்ககாலம், Sangakālam?) is the period of history of ancient Tamil Nadu and Kerala (known as Tamilakam) spanning from c.

3rd century BC to c. 3rd century AD. It is named after the famous Sangam academies of poets and scholars centered in the city of Madurai.

Kerala (/ ˈ k ɛ r ə l ə /) is a state on the southwestern, Malabar Coast of was formed on 1 November , following passage of the States Reorganisation Act, by combining Malayalam-speaking over 38, km 2 (15, sq mi), Kerala is the twenty second largest Indian state by is bordered by Karnataka to the north and northeast, Tamil Nadu to the east and.

Introduction. Kerala has a unique Geographical position. Kerala has a rich culture and is the meeting point of many types of ideologies, Ideas and.

History of Kerala - Wikipedia