Key concepts of ethics

Contact Author Aristotle was an ancient Greek philosopher who contributed the foundation of both symbolic logic and scientific thinking to Western philosophy.

Key concepts of ethics

Work not for a reward; but never cease to do thy work. The Bhagavad Gita2: This view can of course be expressed with varying degrees of consistency.

The radical version says that whatever a sovereign or ruling power has established is indeed just: But this compels us to accept the inconvenient conclusion that norms which contradict each other may be equally legitimate and equally just.

Selected Essays [Basic Books,pp. Most fundamental is whether morality is a matter of rational knowledge or not. If it is a matter of rational knowledge, then our doctrine would be objectivism, which implies that morality is "out there," in the objects, and so is independent of personal preferences or sentiments.

If Key concepts of ethics is not a matter of rational knowledge, then we could subscribe to subjectivism, that morality is indeed a matter of personal preferences or sentiments, in the subject, i.

David Humeis very properly often cited as the classic representative of subjectivism, as in the ethics textbook Moral Reasoning, by Victor Grassian, which I used to use in my ethics class. To Hume, morality depends on our own sentiments or feelings, as there is no matter of fact to determine moral truth [ note ].

This is the second part of our argument; and if it can be made evident, we may conclude, that morality is not an object of reason Wilful murder, for instance.

Examine it in all lights, and see if you can find that matter of fact, or real existence, which you call vice. In which-ever way you take it, you find only certain passions, motives, volitions and thoughts.

About Ethics: Key Concepts in Philosophy. Key Concepts in Philosophy is a series of concise, accessible and engaging introductions to the core ideas and subjects encountered in the study of philosophy. Key concepts. PDF version pdf, 35kb; What are health inequities or inequalities? Health inequities are avoidable inequalities in health between groups of people within countries and between countries. These inequities arise . Key Concepts in Research Ethics It is now generally agreed that research on human subjects must meet basic ethical standards and that all new research proposals involving human subjects should be submitted to an ethical review process.

There is no other matter of fact in the case. The vice entirely escapes you, as long as you consider the object.

Ethics | Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy

You never can find it, till you turn your reflexion into your own breast, and find a sentiment of disapprobation, which arises in you, towards this action.

It lies in yourself, not in the object. So that when you pronounce any action or character to be vicious, you mean nothing, but that from the constitution of your nature you have a feeling or sentiment of blame from the contemplation of it. I have my feelings and you have yours.

It is not uncommon, however, for people to think that others disagree with them on moral issues, not because of different feelings, but because of a lack of feeling.

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We see this in an example given by Victor Grassian, who recalls responding at the time to a speech by Secretary of State Dean Rusk on the war in Vietnam. At that moment, it appeared to me that the Secretary of State simply did not feel sufficient sympathy for the vast suffering of human beings who were being sacrificed for unclear ideals of American security.

As I listened to Rusk, my predominant reaction was not to argue with him rationally, but in some sense to shake him into an emotional realization of the enormity of human suffering we as a nation were creating in Vietnam. There are no "unclear ideals of American security" involved.

Key concepts of ethics

As it happens, more people were murdered in Indo-China after the Communist takeovers than had died in the wars there that involved France and the United States [cf.Learn the attributes and nuances of ethics and professionalism essential to the practice of diagnostic radiology, radiation oncology, and medical physics.

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Ethics and Professionalism

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The distinctions between means and ends, and between being and doing, result in the following structure of action, from beginning to middle to end, upon which much ethical terminology, and the basic forms of ethical theory (ethics of virtues, action, and consequences), are based.

Ethics. The field of ethics (or moral philosophy) involves systematizing, defending, and recommending concepts of right and wrong behavior. Philosophers today usually divide ethical theories into three general subject areas: metaethics, normative ethics, and applied ethics.

Key Concepts of the Philosophy of Aristotle | Owlcation