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Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. April Argentina[ edit ] In Argentina the doctorate doctorado  is the highest academic degree.
The intention is that candidates produce original contributions in their field knowledge within a frame of academic excellence. It is reviewed by a Doctoral Committee composed of examiners external to the program and at least one examiner external to the institution.
The degree is conferred after a successful dissertation defence. Exceptions are based on their individual academic merit. A second and a third foreign language are other common requirements, although the requirements regarding proficiency commonly are not strict. The admissions process varies by institution.
Some require candidates to take tests while others base admissions on a research proposal application and interview only. In both instances however, a faculty member must agree prior to admission to supervise the applicant.
Requirements usually include satisfactory performance in advanced graduate courses, passing an oral qualifying exam and submitting a thesis that must represent an original and relevant contribution to existing knowledge.
The thesis is examined in a final public oral exam administered by at least five faculty members, two of whom must be external. After completion, which normally consumes 4 years, the candidate is commonly awarded the degree of Doutor Doctor followed by the main area of specialization, e.
Physics, Chemistry, Biological and Life Sciences, etc. All graduate programs in Brazilian public universities are tuition-free mandated by the Brazilian constitution. Competition for graduate financial aid is intense and most scholarships support at most 2 years of Master's studies and 4 years of doctoral studies.
The normal monthly stipend for doctoral students in Brazil is between and USD. A degree of Doutor usually enables an individual to apply for a junior faculty position equivalent to a US Assistant Professor. Progression to full professorship known as Professor Titular requires that the candidate be successful in a competitive public exam and normally takes additional years.
In the federal university system, doctors who are admitted as junior faculty members may progress usually by seniority to the rank of Associate Professor then become eligible to take the competitive exam for vacant full professorships.
In recent years somme initiatives as jointly supervised doctorates e. Bachelor of Arts degree ; 2 a five-year candidate's degree e. Doctor Philosophiaewhich is the higher doctorate. A three-year extended research program, leading to the magister's degree was phased out to meet the international standards of the Bologna Process.
In the disputation, the candidate defends their thesis against three official opponents as well as opponents from the auditorium ex auditorio. The Medical doctorate abbreviated as M.
It takes on average three to five years.Be clear about how to formulate research questions, aims, objectives. and at the PhD level, the thesis constitutes the sole requirements of the degree. Length, scope, depth and originality of the thesis depend on the degree which it is for. The WRITING A THESIS PROPOSAL: INDEPENDENT LEARNING RESOURCES.
She completed M. Sc. from Amrita University, Kerala and she won first Rank in the University Examination. She did her M. Sc Project at IIT Bombay under the Guidance of Prof. Debabrata Maiti on the topic “Catalytic palladium nano particle prepared using α-sy nucelin amyloid template”. In addition to undergraduate programs in biomedical engineering, the Department of Biomedical Engineering offers graduate programs leading to the degree of Master of Science (MS) and Doctor of Philosophy (PhD).
DEFINITION AND ANALYSIS OF CRITICAL SUCCESS FACTORS FOR ERP IMPLEMENTATION PROJECTS José Manuel Esteves de Sousa Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya. Müge Arseven Ancient Greek, Anatolian, and Near Eastern Art and Architecture. Müge entered the Ph.D. program in as a Fulbright scholar and is primarily interested in the ancient art and architecture of Greece, Anatolia, and the Near East.
An aims-objectives confusion might arise when you are writing thesis proposal and the introductory thesis chapter. It’s always an issue in research bids. The what’s-the-difference question can have you going around in ever smaller unproductive circles if you can’t figure out a way to differentiate between the two things.