Same sex parenting

The review concluded that all of the studies lacked external validity and that therefore: Many of these studies suffer from similar limitations and weaknesses, with the main obstacle being the difficulty in acquiring representative, random samples on a virtually invisible population. Many lesbian and gay parents are not open about their sexual orientation due to real fears of discrimination, homophobia, and threats of losing custody of their children. Those who do participate in this type of research are usually relatively open about their homosexuality and, therefore, may bias the research towards a particular group of gay and lesbian parents.

Same sex parenting

Parenting in America 1. The American family today Family life is changing. Two-parent households are on the decline in the United States as divorce, remarriage and cohabitation are on the rise. And families are smaller now, both due to the growth of single-parent households and the drop in fertility.

Not only are Americans having fewer children, but the circumstances surrounding parenthood have changed. While in the early s babies typically arrived within a marriagetoday fully four-in-ten births occur to women who are single or living with a non-marital partner.

At the same time that family structures have transformed, so has the role of mothers in the workplace — and in the home. As more moms have entered the labor force, more have become breadwinners — in many cases, primary breadwinners — in their families.

As a result of these changes, there is no longer one dominant family form in the U. Parents today are raising their children against a backdrop of increasingly diverse and, for many, constantly evolving family forms. By contrast, inthe height of the post-World War II baby boom, there was one dominant family form.

Not only has the diversity in family living arrangements increased since the early s, but so has the fluidity of the family. Non-marital cohabitation and divorce, along with the prevalence of remarriage and non-marital recoupling in the U. The growing complexity and diversity of families The share of children living in a two-parent household is at the lowest point in more than half a century: And even children living with two parents are more likely to be experiencing a variety of family arrangements due to increases in divorce, remarriage and cohabitation.

These changes have been driven in part by the fact that Americans today are exiting marriage at higher rates than in the past. This share has remained relatively stable for decades. In the remainder of two-parent families, the parents are cohabiting but are not married. In some cases, this will happen because a never-married mother enters into a cohabiting relationship; in other cases, a mother may enter into a cohabiting relationship after a marital breakup.

The decline in children living in two-parent families has been offset by an almost threefold increase in those living with just one parent—typically the mother. Furthermore, at least half of Asian and white children are living with two parents both in their first marriage.

The shares of Hispanic and black children living with two parents in their first marriage are much lower. Among Hispanic children, two-thirds live with two parents.

The living arrangements of black children stand in stark contrast to the other major racial and ethnic groups.

Bedsharing Beyond Infancy: The Question of Independence

Children with at least one college-educated parent are far more likely to be living in a two-parent household, and to be living with two parents in a first marriage, than are kids whose parents are less educated.

This share has remained stable since the early s, when reliable data first became available. Hispanic, black and white children are equally likely to live in a blended family.

This low share is consistent with the finding that Asian children are more likely than others to be living with two married parents, both of whom are in their first marriage.

The shrinking American family Fertility in the U. The share of mothers with three children has remained virtually unchanged at about a quarter. Family size varies markedly across races and ethnicities. Asian moms have the lowest fertility, and Hispanic mothers have the highest.

Similarly, a gap in fertility exists among women with different levels of educational attainment, despite recent increases in the fertility of highly educated women. The rise of births to unmarried women and multi-partner fertility Not only are women having fewer children today, but they are having them under different circumstances than in the past.

While at one time virtually all births occurred within marriage, these two life events are now far less intertwined.Unfortunately, the history of same-sex adoption is rather brief — but not for lack of interest or desire to adopt by hopeful LGBT parents.

History has not treated LGBT individuals kindly and, therefore, their ability to adopt — and even get married — is a very recent development.

Pagination

Fact Sheet: Overview of Lesbian and Gay Parenting, Adoption, and Foster CareThe last decade has seen a sharp rise in the number of lesbians and gay men forming their own families through adoption, foster care, artificial insemination and other means. Researchers estimate that the total number of children nationwide living with at least one gay parent ranges from six to 14 million.

Though kids of gay and straight parents turn out no differently according to multiply studies, kids in same-sex homes may have a tolerance advantage on average. Recent. Michelle and Malia snuck out to see the White House “lit up in pride” Colorado’s new governor is a family man; Key West mom becomes first mayor who happens to be lesbian.

References. L., Marks, “Same-sex parenting and children’s outcomes: A closer examination of the American Psychological Association’s brief on lesbian and gay parenting,” Social Science Research (), Unfortunately, the history of same-sex adoption is rather brief — but not for lack of interest or desire to adopt by hopeful LGBT parents.

History has not treated LGBT individuals kindly and, therefore, their ability to adopt — and even get married — is a very recent development.

Same sex parenting
LGBT parenting - Wikipedia