Muslim conquestsRashidun Caliphateand Umayyad Caliphate Within the century of the establishment of Islam upon the Arabian peninsula and the subsequent rapid expansion of the Arab Empire during the Muslim conquestsone of the most significant empires in world history was formed. The objective of the conquests was mostly of a practical nature, as fertile land and water were scarce in the Arabian peninsula.
It was rapid and effective. Note that this religion is the second largest and the fastest-growing major religion in the world.
Several factors played a role in the quick expansion of Islam. Common to these factors are favourable social and political conditions that made Islam not only an ideal religion but also a socio-political institution capable of promoting unity.
Mohammed discussed the historical socio-political relations between Europe and the Middle East. Both empires strived to implement the Alexandrian policy of extending the Hellenistic or Greek cultural and political influence over the Middle East.
However, despite the fact that there were established governments to lord over the Middle Eastern territories, true leadership was inexistent. The death of Alexander the Great in BCE resulted in political anarchy and intermittent wars across the dying empire.
This lasted for two centuries. Political instability and governance problems in Europe alienated the people of the Middle East.
Mohammad, this collective factor contributed significantly to the rapid rise and spread of Islam within and outside the Arabian Peninsula. The religion expanded further throughout the seventh and eight centuries under the Rashidun Caliphate and the Ummayad Caliphate.
It is important to highlight the fact that conflicts and divisions characterised the pre-Islamic Arabian Peninsula. There were no true leadership and governance. The empires from Europe failed to provide the component needed to create social and political stability.
However, the Prophet Muhammad successfully established a polity through the introduction of Islam and his charismatic albeit staunch leadership. This polity was instrumental in uniting the different factions in the Arabian Peninsula because Islam provided the necessary cohesive forces.
These forces included the creation of ethnic and cultural identities through religious traditions and customs, and a model for social and political organisation through creeds and policies based on religious teachings.
Based from the aforementioned, the primary reason why Islam spread quickly within the Arabian Peninsula is that Muhammad used Islam as a tool to make sense out of a chaotic picture. He provided a compelling but strong leadership and direction through his religious teachings that were both timely and practical.
In other words, Islam was the missing component needed to stabilise the society and politics in the region. Exploiting the exhausted and vulnerable Byzantine Empire and Sassanid Empire A united Arab front enabled early Muslims to organise and mobilise the resources needed to spread Islam beyond the Arabia.
Remember that Islam started in Mecca and Medina. These areas within the Arabian Peninsula were in the middle of different states and empires—most notably the Eastern Roman or Byzantine Empire and the Sassanid Empire.
They were also key trade areas in the region. These two cities were inherently strategic for geographic expansion.
Placed in the middle of two warring empires, the Arab Muslims simultaneously moved westward and eastward. This earlier phase of Islamic expansion marked the early Muslim conquests.
Mohammad noted that the Muslims successfully subjected communities outside Arabia under the Islam because they were able to exploit the weakness of the Byzantine and Sassanid empires.
The two empires were out of resources needed to maintain their strongholds. This was critical to the success of the early Muslim conquests of the Near East and Middle East and this is another reason why Islam spread quickly in the region. This stirred nationalism and separatism among the Middle Eastern people.
Even before the emergence of Islam, these people were willing to form alliance with non-Christian factions to liberate themselves from a government and religion that were alien to them. The vulnerabilities of the Byzantine and Sassanid empires essentially became another factor for the quick rise and spread of Islam in the Middle East, as well as in Central Asia, Near East, North Africa, and parts of Europe.
More fluid cultural and ethnic integration under Islam rule than Christian rule Of course, the Muslim conquerors initially had a hard time establishing control over non-Muslim and non-Arab territories in the Middle East. However, Muslim rule was relatively more appealing than any other leadership that time.
A liberal stance toward cultural plurality and rulership was another factor why Islam became popular and another reason why it rapidly spread in outside the Arabian Peninsula. Several historians and authors, including Dr.
Mohammad and Asadulla, mentioned that Muslims promoted a high degree of tolerance for non-Muslims. For example, they were able to struck deals with these people by giving them protection. Christians and Jews, for example, received protection in exchange for tax payments.
These people preferred the Muslims over the authoritative Byzantine or Sassanid rule. The Byzantine Empire and the Christians had a hard line approach to leadership and religious indoctrination. They did not tolerate local customs and traditions.Nov 24, · Islam was spread so fast for many reasons.
Most of important ofthem are. Islam is a true and logic God religion. It is the religion andmission of all God prophets to humani ty since Adam. Spread of Islam. STUDY. PLAY. How was Islam able to spread so quickly and convert so many to the new religion? (10) 1. Muslims were unified 2.
The Message of Islam 3. The splendors of Baghdad 4. The treatment of conquered people 5. Empire of Caliphs. The three main reasons why Islam spread so quickly are trade, community and protection.
The first reason that Islam spread so quickly was trade because they would spread it by talking to other people about what they have heard.
Islam spread quickly due to its military might, strategy, and large, extremely cohesive armies. Islam spread quickly because its philosophy was compelling, progressive, and was considered extremely 'modern' for its time.
As the tribal links that had so dominated Umayyad politics began to break down, the meaningfulness of tying non-Arab converts to Arab tribes as clients was diluted; moreover, the number of non-Muslims who wished to join the ummah was already becoming too large for this process to work effectively.
The spread of Islam generally followed the. How Islam Quickly Spread. From being a small religious sect in the Middle East, Islam has for centuries grown into one of the world’s major religions with close to billion adherents worldwide.